I have worked as a clinical psychologist for over 15 years. My experience with postpartum PTSD in 2010 following a natural birth with my daughter led me to research the experience of psychological trauma during labor and delivery. Studies note an increased risk of birth trauma and PTSD when mothers undergo natural birth without pain relief. One is also at risk when unexpected procedures become necessary for the health of the mother or child. Ultimately, any experience of helplessness and perceived trauma (i.e., coping with something that feels beyond one’s ability to cope) during labor and delivery can lead to traumatic symptomatology that puts a mother at risk for postpartum depression and postpartum anxiety. Birth clearly has a psychological outcome in addition to the physical one.
In raising my daughter, I was surprised to find that most American parenting “experts” were focused almost exclusively on the psychology of the child despite the fact that relationships are a two-way interaction — two sets of needs negotiating in a unique way. I believe we fail to appreciate the mother’s psychology — her very real pain, her feelings, her needs — in much of American childbirth and postpartum culture. There is no one-size-fits-all recommendation for hot topics like breastfeeding, co-sleeping, and “crying it out” because the mother’s individualized experience of it impacts her child’s experience. Further, paying better attention to the mother’s psychology would help reduce PTSD and postpartum depression / anxiety while broadening our understanding of what accounts for “healthy” postpartum parenting.
If natural birth and natural parenting is meeting the needs of both mother and child, then the maternal couple is likely doing well. But if a mother feels constrained by parenting expectations that consider only one side of the nipple, then it is not the right way for her. I am dedicated to the mother’s personal recovery and journey outside of any ideology or external parenting expertise.
Boukje Eerkens, Psy.D., QME